EVs use a battery to store the electrical energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. Although electricity production may contribute to air pollution, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers EVs to be zero-­emission vehicles because their motors produce no exhaust or emissions. Since EVs use no other fuel, they help reduce petroleum consumption.

Currently available EVs have a shorter range per charge than most conventional vehicles have per tank of gas. EV manufacturers typically target a minimum range of 100 miles. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration, 100 miles is sufficient for more than 90% of all house-­ hold vehicle trips in the United States.

Light-­duty HEV, PHEV, and EV models are currently available from a number of auto manufacturers, with additional models expected to be released in coming years. There are also a variety of medium and heavy-­duty options available.

For up-­to­date information on available vehicle models, refer to the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center’s (AFDC) Electric Vehicle Availability page (www.afdc.energy.gov/ afdc/vehicles/electric_availability.html) and FuelEconomy.gov.

IPL – EV Fact Sheet PDF Download

EVSE  Charging Locations PDF Download

EV Fact Sheet PDF Download

Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Tax Credit

TypeAmpsVoltage (V)kWCharging TimePrimary Use
Level 1Alternating Current AC12-16 Amps120V1.3 to 1.9 kW2-5 miles of range per hour of chargingResidential charging
Level 2ACUp to 80 amps240VUp to 19.2 kW10-20 miles of range per hour of chargingResidential charging & public charging
Level 3 (in development)ACTo be determinedTo be determinedTo be determined60-80 miles of range in less than 30 minutesPublic charging
DC Fast ChargingDirect Current DCUp to 200 amps208-600V50 to 150 kW60-80 miles of range in less than 30 minutesPublic charging


Retro and reinstated tax credits for AF/Infrastructure SD

January 2, 2013, President Obama signed Public Law 112-240, the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012. The resulting changes are available for review on the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Federal Laws and Incentives page http://www.afdc.energy.gov/laws/fed_summary. Specifically, the Act:

Expands the Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit
http://www.afdc.energy.gov/laws/law/US/409 to include a credit for eligible two- and three-wheeled plug-in electric drive vehicles, valid through December 31, 2013.