E85 is a term that refers to high-level gasoline-ethanol blends containing 51% to 83% ethanol, depending on geography and season (see Fuel Properties and E85 Specification). It can be used in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), which are commonly available from domestic and foreign automakers. Use the Calculator to look up FFV fuel economy, fuel costs, and greenhouse gas reductions.
Other than lower gas mileage, motorists driving FFVs will see little difference when using E85 versus gasoline. Depending on the actual ethanol content, E85 has less energy per gallon than gasoline to varying degrees (mileage penalty lessens as the ethanol content decreases), but, because ethanol is a high-octane fuel, the ethanol blended fuel offers increased vehicle power and performance.
There are more than 2,400 U.S. fueling stations that offer high-level ethanol blends to the over 12.8 million FFVs on U.S. roadways. The high-level blends are available in more than 40 states, with a concentration of stations in the Midwest.
Indiana boosts 173, E85 stations across the Hoosier State. In 2008 The Greater Indiana Clean Cities Coalition partnered with the State Energy Office and 3 other Clean Cities Coalition to create the I65 Biofuels Corridor.
To find Indiana E85 and other alternative fuels across the US, visit http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/ethanol_locations.html
If you know of an alternative fuel refueling location, not on the list, click the top right button in window and enter the information.
If you are a retail station owner, contact Kellie@greaterindiana.com about available funding to build public access ethanol blender pumps In Indiana. A Blender Pump is retail certified and UL approved fuel dispenser. It typically offers E20, E30 and E85 for FFVs only.
Ethanol Benefits and Considerations
Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced transportation fuel. Whether used in low-level blends, such as E10 (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline), or in E85 (a gasoline-ethanol blend containing 51% to 83% ethanol, depending on geography and season), ethanol helps reduce imported oil and greenhouse gas emissions. Like any alternative fuel, there are some considerations to take into account when contemplating the use of ethanol.
In 2012, the United States imported about 40% of the petroleum it consumed, and transportation was responsible for nearly three-quarters of total U.S. petroleum consumption. Depending heavily on foreign petroleum supplies puts the United States at risk for trade deficits, supply disruption, and price changes. The Renewable Fuels Association’s 2013 Ethanol Industry Outlook (PDF) calculated that, from 2005 through 2012, ethanol increased from 1% to 10% of gasoline supply.
Fuel Economy and Performance
A gallon of ethanol contains less energy than a gallon of gasoline. The result is lower fuel economy than a gallon of gasoline. The amount of energy difference varies depending on the blend. For example, E85 has about 27% less energy per gallon than gasoline (mileage penalty lessens as ethanol content decreases). However, because ethanol is a high-octane fuel, it offers increased vehicle power and performance.